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The Misleading Ellipsis

Appellate & Trial Support   |   June 10, 2019
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The Ninth Circuit recently questioned several appellate lawyers about misleading statements in their briefs, including quotes from cases with ellipses, thereby omitting the very language that showed the quote and case were inapplicable to the case at issue. Reading about the court's order brought several thoughts to mind, some practical and others aspirational.

I see from time to time in my own appellate practice briefs setting forth quotes with ellipses or quotes that just end without going on to the following sentence that makes it clear why the quote does not apply in the pending case due to an exception or the like. It often appears that the author simply found a good sound bite through a computer word search and didn't bother to read the entire case.

While not as venal as deliberately omitting a material part of a quote -- which obviously is a bad, and indeed dangerous, practice -- no case or client is worth doing that. Apart from the hit to your credibility with respect to everything else you have said or will say to the court, the court may simply rule against your client without allowing a do-over, as the Ninth Circuit ordered. And, once your credibility has been placed in doubt, you won't gain it back.

As the Ninth Circuit's order also reminds us, unfortunately, you need to read the cases cited by your opponents and check the quotes in their briefs. You may strike gold. Which thought led me to reflect on the senior lawyers in my firm when I was a baby lawyer. They never would have engaged in such misleading tactics, and they made it absolutely clear that no other lawyer in our firm should do so.

So too, at the memorial service for Don Cowan, a wonderful North Carolina trial lawyer who recently died after a tragic stroke in the prime of his life, one of his partners outlined the five professional principles that guided Don's practice:

the highest ethical standards
exhaustive preparation that never ceases
less is more – hyperbole has no place
act when issues arise and not later
always keep one's credibility

No one ever thought to check words Don had put in quotation marks. They knew that was a correct quote. All of us should stand back for a few minutes and resolve that the same could be said at a memorial service for us someday.


©2019 Carlton Fields, P.A. Carlton Fields practices law in California through Carlton Fields, LLP. Carlton Fields publications should not be construed as legal advice on any specific facts or circumstances. The contents are intended for general information and educational purposes only, and should not be relied on as if it were advice about a particular fact situation. The distribution of this publication is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship with Carlton Fields. This publication may not be quoted or referred to in any other publication or proceeding without the prior written consent of the firm, to be given or withheld at our discretion. To request reprint permission for any of our publications, please use our Contact Us form via the link below. The views set forth herein are the personal views of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the firm. This site may contain hypertext links to information created and maintained by other entities. Carlton Fields does not control or guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this outside information, nor is the inclusion of a link to be intended as an endorsement of those outside sites.

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