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International Tax


Overview

Carlton Fields handles international tax matters of all types, including tax planning for U.S.- and non-U.S. multinationals, structuring inbound and outbound business and real estate investments, and handling international tax controversies before the U.S. Internal Revenue Service and in the courts. We represent major companies with worldwide operations as well as small companies with local operations and global expansion plans. We also advise domestic and foreign high-net-worth individuals, trusts and entities on federal, state, and local tax laws applicable to conducting business in the United States and abroad. Our goal is always to minimize worldwide tax consequences for our clients.

Our tax advice to multinational clients covers a wide range of cross-border business activities, including:
 

  • Group planning for multinational corporations
  • Inbound and outbound direct investments
  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Post-acquisition restructuring
  • International joint ventures
  • Intellectual property development and migration
  • Tax controversies
  • International securities offerings
  • Private equity fund formation and investment   
  • Cross-border employee transfer planning
  • International trusts and estates planning, administration, and litigation
  • Pre-immigration and expatriation tax planning

 
We have particular experience in the following substantive areas.
 
Outbound Investments
We advise individual and corporate clients in the United States that are seeking to expand their operations abroad, either alone or through joint ventures with foreign businesses. We advise clients on outbound transaction strategies to minimize taxes in the host country, minimize withholding taxes on repatriation of earnings, maximize creditability of foreign taxes against U.S. tax liability, and plan for tax-efficient exits. We have significant expertise with respect to anti-deferral rules under the controlled foreign corporation (CFC) and passive foreign investment company (PFIC) regimes. We have gained significant experience advising clients under new complex provisions concerning the foreign-derived intangible income (FDII) deduction, and global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI) under recently enacted tax legislation.

Inbound Investments
We  represent foreign individuals, corporations, and institutions that wish to make an investment in or expand their existing operations in the United States. The issues we advise on include choice of entity, permanent establishment exposure, qualification for treaty benefits, minimization of dividend withholding or branch profits tax, earnings-stripping limitations, and tax-efficient financing structures using portfolio interest debt. We also represent foreign investors in U.S. real estate transactions and advise on issues related to compliance with tax withholding obligations and mitigate the burdens imposed by the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act (FIRPTA). We advise companies on the implications of the recently enacted base erosion and anti-abuse tax (BEAT).

International Trusts and Estates
Our attorneys represent clients in all aspects of international trust and estate planning. For non-U.S. clients, we advise on inbound transfers of wealth and issues bearing on U.S. or multijurisdictional estate tax residency. We help them form both domestic trusts and offshore trusts, including domestic trusts that are intentionally designed to be characterized as foreign trusts for U.S. federal income tax purposes. We also help our non-resident clients form offshore trusts in jurisdictions that are not on the so-called “black list” issued by the non-resident client’s country of residence. We have considerable expertise advising U.S. clients who are beneficiaries of foreign trusts and estates with respect to U.S. compliance issues and mitigating the adverse consequences of the so-called “throw-back rules” associated with foreign nongrantor trusts.
 
Tax Controversy/Disputes
We represent clients in international tax controversy matters during all phases of the dispute resolution process including audits, appeals, mediation, and litigation. Our federal tax controversy experience covers a wide range of substantive issues, including section 482 allocations, foreign tax credits, Subpart F issues, sourcing and expense allocation, income tax treaties, tax accounting issues, debt versus equity issues, valuation disputes, deductibility of captive insurance premiums, and reorganization issues. We have represented numerous clients with respect to offshore holdings under various iterations of the IRS voluntary disclosure program and have defended clients against foreign bank account report (FBAR) penalties imposed under the Bank Secrecy Act.

 

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Disclaimer

The information on this website is presented as a service for our clients and Internet users and is not intended to be legal advice, nor should you consider it as such. Although we welcome your inquiries, please keep in mind that merely contacting us will not establish an attorney-client relationship between us. Consequently, you should not convey any confidential information to us until a formal attorney-client relationship has been established. Please remember that electronic correspondence on the internet is not secure and that you should not include sensitive or confidential information in messages. With that in mind, we look forward to hearing from you.